Conventional Cars Vs Electric Cars, Which is Better?

The countdown has begun for internal combustion engine cars powered by gasoline and diesel to exit the global and local markets. Electric cars are set to completely replace them, sparking concern among some car manufacturers and buyers. Some believe that conventional cars are indispensable, and electric cars will not be able to meet all diverse requirements. In this context, the following questions consistently top search engine queries:

  1. Which is better, electric or gasoline cars?
  2. Are electric cars recommended?
  3. How do electric cars work?

In the following lines, we will answer these questions and explain the differences between gasoline and electric cars.

Differences between Conventional and Electric Cars

The operation principle of conventional cars is generally well understood; the engine operates by burning fuel (gasoline or diesel) between its components, generating a certain force that is transferred to the wheels to move the car. But how do electric cars work?

Electric cars are powered by several components, with the most important being the electric battery and the electric motor. This type of car can be likened to smartphones, as users need a power outlet at home and a car charger to charge the battery and operate the car. As a result, these cars have found favor with some audiences worldwide. Many owners of electric cars recognize them as a suitable means of daily transportation, contributing to energy efficiency and environmental conservation.

Now, let’s highlight the crucial factors that will influence your decision before purchasing a car, whether it’s conventional or electric.

1. Purchase Price

Technological advancements and modern added systems have increased the purchase price of all cars, regardless of type. However, there is a noticeable difference between conventional and electric cars in terms of price:

  • Conventional Cars: Equipped with safety and entertainment systems that generally raise their price. However, these cars are characterized by a lower price compared to electric cars.
  • Electric Cars: The price of electric cars can be relatively high. The batteries used in these cars are manufactured from high-cost materials. Additionally, the modern systems used in these cars exceed those in conventional cars. The global shortage of electronic chips has also impacted the production of electric cars.

2. Driving Range

When making the final decision to purchase a conventional or electric car, buyers consider the car’s ability to cover long distances:

  • Conventional Cars: The distance conventional cars can cover is determined by the engine’s size and capacity. Fuel consumption rate and the type of fuel injection system available in the car are the primary factors determining the distance a driver can cover with the available fuel in the tank.
  • Electric Cars: The distance electric cars can cover is measured in kilometers. However, there is no unified number for all electric cars. This figure varies depending on the manufacturing company and the developments they have reached to increase the electric range. Some electric cars can cover distances exceeding 400 km, while others cover less.

3. Harmful Carbon Emissions

Environmental protection organizations and environmentally-conscious individuals are seeking a definitive solution to address threats posed by the depletion of natural resources and the global climate change. The impact of both conventional and electric cars on the environment is as follows:

  • Conventional Cars: According to a global study, burning one gallon of fuel produces approximately 8,887 grams of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.
  • Electric Cars: Since electric cars do not have an exhaust system that disposes of burned fuel, they do not produce any carbon dioxide emissions. This significantly reduces air pollution.

4. Fueling Stations and Charging Stations

Are charging stations available for electric cars as evenly as fuel stations for conventional cars?

  • Conventional Cars: Owners of conventional cars do not face any difficulty in finding fuel stations due to their widespread availability in various regions, whether for gasoline or diesel fuel.
  • Electric Cars: The network of electric car charging stations is still somewhat limited. Electric cars are still a recent addition to the market, and owners currently rely on charging devices installed in their homes.

5. Maintenance Costs

We mentioned earlier that the purchase price of electric cars is generally more expensive than that of conventional cars. What about maintenance costs and spare parts?

  • Conventional Cars: Owners of conventional cars need to perform regular maintenance on most of their mechanical components. Although maintenance costs may be low, the high number of parts requiring maintenance increases the overall cost.
  • Electric Cars: In general, taking care of electric cars is easier than taking care of conventional cars due to the lower number of parts and mechanical systems. However, on the other hand, if these cars experience electrical and battery-related malfunctions, the cost of maintaining or replacing this part will be significantly high due to the high price of the component, in addition to the commission for specialized technicians, as the workforce in this field is still very limited.
ComparisonConventional CarsElectric Cars
Purchase PriceLower priceHigher price
Driving Range
Determined by fuel consumption rateDetermined by the number of kilometers per charge specified by the manufacturer
Fueling/Charging Stations
Fuel stations widely available
Limited availability of charging stations
Harmful Emissions
Produces a significant amount of carbon dioxide emissions
Does not produce carbon dioxide emissions
Maintenance Costslow maintenance costsHigh maintenance costs

In conclusion, can we favor electric cars over conventional cars or vice versa? No, we cannot. Each of these cars has its own advantages and disadvantages.

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