What are Carbon Ceramic Brakes?

A new term has recently gained popularity in the automotive world, appearing in numerous news articles on specialized car websites: “carbon ceramic brakes.”

Enthusiasts of high-performance cars have started looking for vehicles equipped with this type of brakes due to their various positive effects. These brakes have proven remarkably successful in aerospace applications, as they are made from ceramic reinforced with carbon fibers. This material is extremely hard and exhibits high friction resistance due to the strong bonding of its particles.

Advantages of Carbon Ceramic Brake Pads

The following points explain why automotive manufacturers are incorporating carbon ceramic brakes as part of the original equipment in their high-performance vehicles:

  • Long Lifespan: Carbon ceramic brakes can be used for much longer periods than traditional brakes.
  • Corrosion Resistance: They are resistant to rust and corrosion.
  • Silent Operation: They do not produce any loud or high-pitched noises.
  • Reduced Weight: They are lighter than traditional iron brakes, significantly improving performance and acceleration times.
  • Reduced Dust Emission: They generate less dust, which negatively affects the wheels.
  • Dimensional Stability: They remain dimensionally stable and do not change shape with high temperatures.

Disadvantages of Carbon Ceramic Brake Pads

The primary drawback of this type of brake is its extremely high cost, mainly attributed to the expensive materials used in its manufacturing, particularly carbon.

The manufacturing process is more complex than that of traditional brakes, taking about three weeks compared to the 90 minutes required for conventional brakes. It’s worth noting that carbon ceramic brakes are not entirely manufactured automatically, requiring specific equipment and tools for production.

Many car manufacturers that have not adopted ceramic brakes as a comprehensive and final solution still use traditional brakes, even in high-performance cars. For instance, Ford uses larger traditional brakes in its Mustang Shelby GT500. Porsche has emphasized that this type of brake is not essential for racing cars.

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