Top 10 Common Car Problems and How to Solve Them

A conscientious driver pays attention to the minute details of their car to ensure its overall condition and performance for an extended period. New drivers may feel confused and anxious when facing problems that arise for the first time in the car. These issues can result from improper maintenance or neglecting minor defects, leading to significant problems over time.

In this article, we will explore 10 common problems that most cars face, encountered by drivers with varying levels of experience. Additionally, we will provide practical solutions to address these issues appropriately.

Damaged Front or Rear Lights

The significance of driving at night without properly functioning front and rear lights cannot be overstated. Diminished efficiency in these lights indicates their complete consumption and the end of their lifespan. In such cases, all you need to do is remove the bulb inside the lamp and replace it with a similar new one, focusing on selecting the type that is specific and suitable for your car.

Battery Defects

Car batteries require special care and daily checks for their condition. The first thing to look at is whether the battery terminals are covered with petroleum jelly, which protects them from corrosion resulting from high temperatures and occasional vapors emitted by the car. You can also check the battery’s condition using a voltmeter or seek assistance from a specialized maintenance center.

Damaged Tires

Special attention must be given to verifying the condition of the tires, as the car relies on them to maintain stability and prevent sliding on the road. If you notice disappearing or worn-out treads, usually visible on the tire surface, continuous air leakage, or the presence of bulges and air bubbles on the tire sides, we advise you to stop driving immediately. Use the spare tire until you reach the nearest gas station or maintenance center.

Faulty Spark Plugs

The problem begins when spark plugs become damaged, causing a disruption in the combustion process within the engine. This can lead to engine vibrations, decreased performance, and a significant increase in gasoline consumption. It may also result in the exhaust emitting a large amount of thick black smoke. Therefore, it is essential to change spark plugs regularly and visit the nearest maintenance center to check if any of these signs are due to faulty spark plugs or another issue.

Malfunction of Engine Cooling Fan Resistance

Resistance is a vital part of the car’s heating and cooling system, controlling the speed of the engine’s cooling fan. In the event of a malfunction, the fan will not be able to change its speed or may stop working entirely, requiring the intervention of a specialized technician to examine the problem.

Car Air Conditioner Problems

Many reasons can lead to malfunctions and faults in the car’s air conditioner. Compressor leakage is the most common, along with incorrect wiring. This results in inadequate cooling of the air, and proper attention should be given to rectify it.

Fuel Problems

Monitoring your car’s fuel consumption level should be a priority. Any noticeable and unusual increase in consumption may indicate a leak in the pipes and hoses or a malfunctioning fuel injector. It is crucial to address this problem promptly to avoid wasting gasoline without benefit.

Cylinder Head Cover Leak

A cylinder head cover leak is a major problem that a car may face. It can be identified by an elevated engine temperature and the emission of white smoke in severe cases. The leak occurs when the gasket between the cylinder head cover and the engine body, known as the “shinbar,” is damaged. This leads to coolant leakage and an increase in engine temperature or the mixing of coolant with engine oil. It is advisable to immediately stop driving when encountering this serious issue.

Loud Noise When Braking

Occasionally, an annoying squeaking sound may occur when applying the car brakes. This can be attributed to dust or sand particles stuck in the brake pads, which can be cleaned at maintenance centers. Alternatively, it may indicate that the brake pads have reached the end of their expected lifespan and need replacement.

Brake Failure

This problem is the most dangerous and can lead to numerous accidents. It often occurs due to a loss of fluid pressure in the brake system. When pressing the brake pedal, there won’t be enough brake fluid in the lines to produce the necessary braking effect. Another reason could be defective brake pads that do not provide the required stopping power. Avoiding this problem involves thorough and periodic examination of the car’s braking system.

You can handle any of the mentioned problems through preventive measures and continuous examination of car parts. Having sufficient information and maintaining composure helps in facing emergency issues that any driver may encounter on the road.

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