Take Care of Your Car… Tips for Caring for Engine Oil

Most car owners strive to maintain the external appearance and interior cleanliness of their cars. However, one of the most crucial details that should be regularly attended to is the engine oil due to its significant importance, influencing the engine’s safety. The primary purpose of engine oil is to eliminate impurities resulting from the combustion process, clean internal engine parts, and maintain the correct temperature, preventing internal parts from corroding due to friction.

Several important factors must be considered, with one of the most crucial being ensuring the viscosity of the oil matches the engine’s parts, size, and power. Additionally, the codes on the oil container are highly important, playing a significant role in determining the suitable oil for the car engine.

Types of Oils

  1. Single-grade oil: This type maintains a constant viscosity regardless of temperature changes and is recommended for older engines.
  2. Multi-grade oil: This type’s viscosity changes with temperature fluctuations. The “W” symbol on the oil container indicates that it is suitable for winter days. The number on the right of the symbol indicates the appropriate temperature for summer days, ensuring the oil doesn’t become too thin. On the left, it indicates the suitable temperature for winter days, preventing the oil from thickening and making movement between engine parts difficult.

Measuring Engine Oil Level

To check the oil level every two weeks for engine maintenance, the car should be parked on a horizontal surface. It’s crucial not to measure the oil level with the engine running. To perform this operation without harming the engine, follow these steps:

  1. Start the engine until it reaches its normal operating temperature.
  2. Turn off the engine and wait for 5 minutes.
  3. Remove and clean the oil gauge with a lint-free cloth.
  4. Insert it back into the engine, then lift it out again.
  5. Check the oil level between the two marks on the gauge.

Changing Engine Oil

The oil change schedule can be determined by calculating the kilometers traveled by the car. Some oils allow the engine to cover 10,000 km, while others may only allow 5,000 km. It’s the driver’s responsibility to change the oil after covering that distance. Other signs indicating it’s time for an oil change include:

  1. Change in oil color from gold or copper to black.
  2. Significant decrease in viscosity.
  3. A drop in the oil level.

It’s also essential to drain the oil filter of any solid materials and residues each time the oil is changed to prevent these impurities from mixing with the new oil. Proper disposal of these materials is crucial for user safety and environmental protection.

Engine Oil Quantity

Most engines require 4 liters of oil, the standard size for oil containers sold at fuel stations. However, some engines may require an additional liter to a liter and a half. In such cases, a separate container containing the required amount should be purchased and added.

Choosing the Right Engine Oil for Your Car

The appropriate engine oil for your car can be identified through the car’s user manual or by consulting employees at fuel stations. To ensure the oil is suitable for the engine, monitor its color after covering several kilometers. If the color remains unchanged, it indicates that the oil has not performed its primary function and has left impurities at the bottom of the engine.

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